Republic of South Korea
🌎Currency: South Korean Won (₩)(KRW)
🌎Zone: +9 GMT
🌎Phone Code: +82
🌎Best time to visit: Sept-Nov
🌎Must eat: BBQ Cow
🌎Must drink: Rice beer
🌎Don't miss: The N Seoul Tower
South Korea is a well established nation with the rest of the world. However it's a very well developed country this means that it's expensive to get there at first. National Airline Korean Air and fellow competitor Asianna Airlines offer direct links to Europe and the USA. However fares are very expensive so it's worth checking well before travelling there and comparing other airlines. Making a transit stop on your way to Korea might prove the best option and the cheapest.
The main point of entry into the country is via its capital, Seoul, (ICN) if coming from Europe or America. However you will find that many airlines also operate into Seoul's second airport, Gimpo, (GMP). These airlines mainly being Asian or low cost airlines.
If travelling from Asia on tour you also can consider to arrive direct to Busan, the second largest city. It also has many international airlines flying there mainly from other Asian cities and prices can be more competitive than Seoul.
Once in the country, Korea has a major public transport infrastructure and there is no reason why to panic on how to use it as everything has translations into English.Trains, metro,busses and high speed rail (KTK) all are available and connect the cities with smaller towns. Internal transport is also cheap so no matter where you going there would be always a way to get there. People are friendly and most stations will have staff who can easily speak in English in case you need extra help.
If you are travelling within the country the best way to move around is via the national rail, managed by KORAIL ,including several destinations which are served with KTX (Korea Train Express). You need always reserve in advance on these trains either at the station or online. Check: KORAIL
Attention! If you are planning to access North Korea from the Republic of South Korea then you will find an unpleasant surprise as there is no access along the whole of the boarder. The only way in is by air from Beijing,China.
Located in the northern hemisphere, South Korea enjoys climates similar to those in North Europe. However summer's can be rather short and humid if you are down south with a temperature of 30C or more. Winter's are longer and the climate inland can be very colder, often down below 0C easily, specially in Seoul and north of the country. The best time to visit would be mid spring to autumn. (April to November), though take into account the summer months are more expensive and hotter temperatures are to be expected. From September to November it's also interesting to visit to see the Autumn leave colour change in parks and the countryside.
Korean cuisine is very flavoured, colourful and fermented foods are common. Rice is present at pretty much all meals, except for the odd occasion when noodles are on the table. A typical Korean meal consists of warm rice, soup, rice water and between eight and 20 side dishes of vegetables, fish, poultry, eggs, bean curd and sea plants. All dishes tend to be served together and are shared among the group.
The highlight dishes and specialities are: Bibimbap: A bowl of boiled rice mixed with vegetables, chilli peppers, meat and an egg. Kimchi: A beloved funky-flavoured side dish made from fermented Chinese cabbage, turnips, onions, salt, fish, chestnuts and red pepper. Bulgogi: Also known as Korean BBQ, Bulgogi is thin slices of marinated beef cooked on a table-top grill. Grilled galbi: Beef short ribs marinated in ganjang (Korean soy sauce). Haemultang: A spicy stew made with red pepper paste and an assortment of seafood and vegetables. Chijimi: A savoury vegetable pancake. Tteokbokki: This spicy snack of sticky rice cakes in a chilli sauce is a popular Korean street food.
As for drinks, Korea’s best-selling spirit is soju, a clear liquor similar to, though milder than, vodka. Soju is frequently mixed with beer to create a drink known as somac. Hite: This mild-flavoured lager, along with beer brands Cass and OB, dominate the Korean market. Makgeolli: A low alcohol milky liquor made by fermenting steamed rice and water. Ginseng wine: A strong and sweet wine, similar to brandy, believed to have medicinal properties.