Essential Country Information:

indonesia flag

Indonesia



🌎Capital: Jakarta

🌎Currency: Indonesian rupiah  (IDR)

🌎Time Zone: GMT +7/+8/+9                  🌎Phone Code: +62

   

🌎Best time to visit: Year round

🌎Must Taste: 

🌎Must Drink: Bajigur and Bandrek spice drink

🌎Don't miss:                   

Getting there and transportation:  
Indonesia is located in Southeast Asia, between the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is the world's largest island country, with more than seventeen thousand islands! The biggest island is Java, the world's most populous island, home to more than half of the country's population. The country shares land borders with Papua New GuineaEast Timor, and the eastern part of Malaysia. Travelling by air to access Indonesia and its islands is the most logical and practical option. 
For visitors, getting to Indonesia is fairly easy thanks to direct routes by flag carrier, Garuda Indonesia, which offers direct non-stop flights from London and Amsterdam in Europe and Sydney, Melbourne and Perth in Australia. it also possible to travel from many asian cities and from China direct to Jakarta. Other countries offer direct one one stop transit flights from their main hubs. Emirates  or Turkish Airlines  are some of the most popular. 
As for low cost airlines, Lion Air, Malindo Air  and Air Asia  are some of the best airlines to travel internally around Indonesia and connecting to neighboring countries. 
Travelling in Indonesia, between neighboring islands, you can choose between local ferries or short flights. If you have enough time, ferries are very economical and a practical way to see the scenery and the local way of life. However many times, conditions are quite rudimental and travelling with light luggage, backpacking or just for tours is best for this option. Otherwise taking flights is cheap as well when booked in advance.
In big cities like Jakarta, public transport is good to get around, renting cars and taking tours out of the cities to see the countryside. However in smaller communities, taking taxis unless you drive is more a normal option. 
Attention! If you do decide to rent a car, there are a few things to know. International Driving Permits are officially required in Indonesia, but most car rental companies will gladly rent to you with only your home country driving license. However, if you’re pulled over by the police (they often see foreigners coming and will wave you over for no clear reason), be prepared to be asked to pay a bribe to avoid being charged the official infraction fine. These “spot checks” are a regular occurrence in Bali for example, where many foreigners drive cars and scooters, making them easy targets for extortion. We recommend getting an International Driving Permit if you plan to spend more than a few weeks in Indonesia (to avoid police hassle). 
Climate and temperature: 

The main variable weather factor of Indonesia's climate is rainfall. Split by the equator, indonesia has an almost entirely tropical climate, with the coastal plains averaging 28°C, the inland and mountain areas averaging 26°C, and the higher mountain regions, 23°C. The area's relative humidity is quite high, and ranges between 70 and 90 percent. No matter where you go, be prepared for high temperatures and humidity.

The extreme variations in rainfall are linked with the monsoons. There is a dry season (June to September), and a rainy season (December to March). Western and northern parts of Indonesia experience the most precipitation. Western Sumatra, Java, Bali, the interiors of Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Irian Jaya are the most predictably damp regions of Indonesia, with rainfall measuring more than 2,000 millimeters per year.

For the best season to go, actually all year round can be good to go, however slightly less hot temperatures are appreciated during January and February. On the other hand, it can rain more during this time. In the Summer, it can be dry, but humidity levels are higher and the temperature sensation can be well above 35 C! 


Lightweight cotton clothing is advised throughout the year, with an umbrella or raincoat for sudden cloudbursts. Taking abundant sun cream, sunglasses, hats and drinking plenty of water is also advised.


Attention! Typhoons can hit the Islands of the Indonesia between September and December, and can cause rainstorms and heavy winds. However, not every Typhoon that hits Indonesia is a strong one, and in some years only a few Typhoons occur during the tropical storm season. Stay connected to weather forecasts and in the event you get caught by the storm, always stay inside and if possible ask for upper rooms floors (to avoid flooding). 

Food and drink: 
Indonesia's cooking has some similarity to the cuisines of nearby Thailand and Malaysia. It's agriculture mainly produces rice, palm oil, tea, coffee, cacao, medicinal plants, spices and rubber. Also, by history, Indonesia was a key stop on the spice route to Europe. It means the diet has been highly influenced by the trading empires of Spain, the Netherlands, Portugal and China. The staple diet for most Indonesians is nasi (rice), but this is swapped on some islands with other foods such as noodles, corn, sago, cassava and sweet potatoes. 
Coconut milk is used extensively in sauces and soups. Indonesians like their food highly spiced, with an emphasis on ingredients such as lime leaves, lemongrass, tamarind, cloves, cinnamon and chilli. Be wary of the tiny and very hot red and green peppers included in salads and vegetable dishes. Seafood is a regular feature on menus and many dishes are favoured with shrimp paste, known as terasi or belacan. 
Indonesian specialities include: Rijsttafel,  a Dutch-invented smorgasbord of 12 various meats, fish, vegetable and curry dishes. Nasigoreng, considered the national dish it consists of fried rice, flavoured with spices and usually eaten with accompanying vegetables. Ayam goreng, fried chicken, a national staple. Soto, traditional soupy broth with rice cakes and noodles, often with chicken or beef. Sambal,  a very chilli sauce condiment served with every dish. Bakso, Indonesian meatballs usually made from chicken or beef. Sate, skewers of beef, fish, pork, chicken or lamb, cooked on hot coals and dipped in peanut sauce.  Rendang, a speciality of Sumatra; a densely spiced coconut curry with lime leaves and buffalo meat. Gado-gado, a Javan salad of raw and cooked vegetables with peanut and coconut milk sauce. Babi guling, a roast suckling pig, a delicacy from Bali.

 
 
 

As for Drinks, remember it's a land of spices, so making rich drinks that are fresh, unique, and healthy are a tradition in the country. Most of their drinks are a mixture of spices with healthy nutrients. Most Indonesian drinks are available through the year, while some of them are only served during formal occasions or on specific functions. Note that being a muslim country alcohol is not generally consumed  by the locals. However for tourists and in popular resort areas there are cocktail bars, clubs and major restaurants serving international beers and spirits. Here are some of the most popular, traditional Indonesian drinks you’re likely to encounter: (non-alcoholic) 
Bajigur, a typical drink from the area of West Java, has a sweet and savoury taste as it is made from coconut milk and palm sugar. 
Bandrek, is the perfect drink for cold weather. Made from ginger and brown sugar, while pandan leaves and spices such as cinnamon and cloves can be added to increase the richness of the drink. 
Sekoteng, is a hot drink, native to central Java. With a ginger base, ingredients such as mung beans, peanuts, pacar cina, and chunks of bread are mixed together. Sekoteng can be seen sold on carts. 
Wedang Jahe, originated from the Javanese language, meaning hot drink. Made from ginger, cardamom, palm sugar, cloves, white sugar, black pepper and lemongrass. Pandan leaves are normally added to all Java drinks to enhance the spices in the drink. 
Wedang Ronde, another traditional beverage from Java, is ginger water containing ronde (balls). It tastes best when had with roasted beans. 
Bir Pletok, this night drink originated during the Dutch Colonial Period and Japanese Invasion. Made from ginger, cardamom, lemongrass, cinnamon, kayu secang and sugar, Bir Pletok is had at night to warm the body. This is yet another healthy drink which is believed to prevent cold. 
Cendol, is a typical Indonesian beverage which is made from rice flour, and served with grated ice, liquid palm sugar, and coconut milk. The main ingredient of this drink is rice flour, which is processed in such a way that it is first dyed green, and then printed through a special filter, in the shape of the grains. 
Es Teler, is a drink containing pieces of fresh avocado, young coconut, jackfruit, and diluted coconut milk. Sweetened condensed milk and syrup are added along with shaved ice or ice cubes to complete this delicious drink. Another variation of Es Teler is available which contains grass jelly, kolang-kaling, Pacar Cina, pieces of apple, papaya, Sapodilla, melons, bread, and jelly.

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 Tourism Information:

Introduction: 


Transport:  
Getting around in Jakarta is easy in spite of the heavy traffic in this bustling capital city. Traffic jams remain a feature in certain central business areas, particularly during rush hours. Taxis are the most preferable mode of transport within the city as they are not expensive. Other options include tuk-tuk, minivans, motorcycle taxis (locally referred to as ‘ojek’) and Jakarta’s bus rapid transits which is an ongoing effort to improve traffic in the city.  
First of all, when arriving to Jakarta by air. The city has one main airport located 20 Km from the city centre. You can access the city by rail or busses. The Damri Bus  service starts at Rp. 40.000, take the bus to Gambir train station, a central spot downtown. Tickets are bought in advance in the kiosk of the company which costs around 3 USD, buses take at least an hour and a half and they leave from 5 am to 11 pm every 20 to 40 minutes. Alternatively you can travel by train, it's the newest option in the airport to city transit. It can be a good way to avoid the traffic jams. It is not a high speed train so the 30km trip still takes around 55 minutes. The cost of a one way ticket is 100,000 Rupiah ($7.40) In addition to the airport, the train will stop at three stations;  Sudirman Baru station (in the heart of Jakarta), Duri and Batu Ceper (closer to the airport). A final stop will be added in 2019 in Southern Jakarta.
If you are taking public interurban busses, they are known to be irregular and mostly uncomfortable, and so are their terminal locations, which are mostly on the outskirts and a considerable distance from the city centre. However, there’s a new bus service by TransJakarta, which locals refer to as simply ‘busway’. TransJakarta system commenced early 2004. The bus stops or ‘halte’ are also manned by security personnel. Ticket prices start from a IDR 3,500.
You will also see minivan taxis. They are public vans that the locals refer to as either ‘mikrolet’ and ‘angkutan kota’ ‘angkot’ for short. They aren’t metered and aren’t really recommended for foreigners. They are usually driven by drivers known for their disregard of road rules and haphazard manoeuvres just for the sake of picking up passengers and any spot. Nevertheless, if you’re in for some urban adventure, these can prove to be economical, ranging between IDR 2,000-5,000 for a single trip.
Additional ways of transport include the Tuk-tuk style bikes, famous around other southeast Asian countries like Thailand. You can stop them anywhere on the road and they can charge anything from IDR 5000, but can be lower depending on your haggling skills! The same rule occurs with the taxi-scooters. They are quicker if you are in a hurry and have little or no bags with you. 
What to see and do? 
The history of Jakarta dates back to at least the 14th Century with the development of a small port of the Hindu Pajajaran kingdom at the mouth of the Ciliwung river. Searching for spice, the Portuguese were the first Europeans to arrive and establish a fortress on the site in the early 16th Century.

The old port was attacked by a neighboring sultanate under the leadership of Prince Fatahillah. After the assault, the Portuguese navy fleet was destroyed. Fatahillah changed the name of the Sunda Kelapa port to Jayakarta, meaning “Total Victory”. It was to this town that Dutch spice merchants came in the late 16th Century and began a trading association with Europe that was to dictate the history of Jakarta. Following the Japanese invasion and rule of the country from 1942-45, on August 17,1945, Indonesia's first president Soekarno, proclaimed Indonesian independence and Jakarta became the accepted nation's capital. 


Today the city is directed at stimulating services, trade and tourism. There are many museums and galleries to keep you busy whilst in Jakarta an help you learn more about this fascinating city. Also Jakarta is a starting point to many tours and excursions out of the city. Below you will find the highlights of what to see and do in Jakarta:

  • The National Monument: Located in Jakarta’s city centre at Merdeka Square, stands the National Monument (Monumen Nasional (Monas)) tower. It is a must visit for every tourist in Jakarta. It stands to symbolize the fight for Indonesia and constructed under direction of President Sukarno. It is open daily from 800-1500 everyday except last Monday of the month.

  • The Old Town of Jakarta is also known as Kota Tua. It is north of the National Monument and is full of heritage buildings from the Dutch colonial years. The main buildings around the central square are mostly museums,  including exhibitions on puppets, ceramics and Jakarta’s history. The Museum Maritime and Museum Bank Indonesia are also in this area and easily accessible by foot. 

  • Pasar Baru (Jakarta’s market): It is one of the rare streets of Jakarta that is actually pedestrian friendly. You will find many locals here and family-run business selling clothes and watches. There are many vintage fashions here such as shirts, dresses, belts and jackets selling as low as USD1 from second hand / old to new. Also, catch the best local Indonesian food you can find, for example, bakmi. Start walking from Metro Atom at Jalan H. Samanhudi and then walk towards the rear end which is the Jakarta Art centre ( Gedung Kesenian Jakarta).

  • Jakarta National Museum: Being two centuries old, the Museum is an icon that you must visit. It is located at Jalan Medan Merdeka Barat in center of Jakarta city and it is an archeological, historical, ethnological, and geographical museum. Jakarta’s national museum is well known as Elephant Building (gedung gajah) because of the elephant statue there. Visit here to get yourself acquainted with Jakarta and also Indonesia’s history and culture.

Shopping:
If shopping is your thing, Jakarta offers a lot from high end to budget shopping from malls to markets. Recommended Shopping malls or shopping centers or markets in Jakarta are :
Plaza Indonesia of FX Mall (designer goods), Grand Indonesia, Mangga Dua (cheap yet quality imitation goods), Blok M (shoes, clothes, bags), Pasar Ikan (souvenirs and household items).

Nightlife:
Jakarta, being a large city, is definitely not short of things to do at night. For nightlife, you have many choices of clubs and bars. There are places like Kemang for the younger but dynamic crowds in Jakarta clubbing scene or cafes like Ecobar. It is one of the coolest place to party in Jakarta and the club are trendier yet affordable. Or you can go to the more famous traveler street Jalan Jaksa  for some choices of bars, clubs and cafe, the better reason to party here is there are more food choices. The most dynamic part of the city for clubbing is around Kemang with popular haunts like Barcode.

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Recommended stay duration:  

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