History: In February 1941 Philippine Airlines was founded by a group of businessmen led by Andres Soriano, one of the country's leading industrialists.nPhilippine Airlines takes to the skies with a twin-engine, five-seater Beech Model 18 aircraft from Nielsen airfield in Makati to Baguio. The Philippine government invests in PAL, paving the way for the airline's nationalization.
In February 14, 1946, PAL resumes post-World War II operations with services to 15 domestic points. The fleet consists of five Douglas DC-3s. PAL becomes first Asian airline to cross the Pacific when it operated a chartered Douglas DC-4 on the first of several flights to ferry home initially 40 US servicemen. Each crossing took 41 hours with fuelling stops at Guam, Wake, Kwajelein and Honolulu.The same year PAL opens services to Hongkong and Shanghai with DC-3s. As well as San Francisco.
In 1947, PAL starts a DC-4 service to Rome and Madrid, thus earning the distinction of being the first airline in Southeast Asia to fly to Europe. Each flight took two days with stops at Calcutta, Karachi and Cairo. By the end of the year, the service was extended to London.In 1951, Service to Taipei starts with the DC-3. The year ended as the most successful so far for PAL, with a profit of P2.8 million.In 1952, The first Douglas DC-6B is delivered, and inaugurate service to Zurich and Frankfurt.
In June 1962 PAL enters the jet age with the introduction of DC-8 jetliners. In November 1, 1965 PAL extends International service to Singapore with the DC-8. In November 1, 1968 PAL extends international service to Singapore with the DC-8. In September 9, 1971 Australian operations is extended to Melbourne as international services continue to expand. In July 1974 makes the arrival of PAL's first McDonnell Douglas DC-10 three-engine jet ushers in the era of the wide-body jet.
In October 20, 1977 the GSIS acquires 92% of PAL shares from majority PAL owner Benigno Toda, returning ownership and control back to the government.
In April 8, 1978, the last DC-3 was retired after 32 years of service.In January 4, 1980,the first Boeing 747-200 – dubbed as Jumbo jet – started flying across the Pacific. As PAL's new flagship aircraft, it featured 16 full-flat bunk beds called Skybeds at the upper deck exclusive for First Class passengers.
In August 7, 1982 Dubai is added to the Middle East route as well as Paris in Europe.In September 1, 1986 PAL starts weekly A300 service between Manila and Ho Chi Minh City. In August 19, 1988 PAL takes delivery of its first two Fokker 50s.In September 24, 1988 two Fokker 50s go into service.In August 14, 1989, PAL's first Boeing 737-300 arrived while the second came one week later as the airline continued to modernize its domestic fleet.
In September 23, 1998, PAL suspends operations as the Asian financial crisis takes its toll, aggravated by industrial action by its unions. It pulls out of most routes and drastically reduces its fleet. PAL would resume operations on a limited scale on October 7, 1998.In March 2001, PAL reports a profit of 419 million pesos, its second year under rehabilitation.
In August 2002, PAL unveils a revamped and enhanced frequent flyer program, Mabuhay Miles.In October 2003, PAL returns to Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia after a 5-year absence. It also adds fifth B747-400 to its young fleet of 30.In May 2004 PAL launches E-ticketing where passengers could book, pay and get a seat by phone or thru internet.In December 2004 PAL takes delivery of two virtually brand-new aircraft, both Airbus A320s, as part of continuing drive to rejuvenate its existing fleet.In November 2005 PAL starts a regular service between Manila and Beijing.
In December 2005, In a deal valued at approximately USD840 million, PAL orders nine brand-new A320 jets and options for five more A320s from Airbus.
In October 2009, PAL Express operations is taken over by Air Philippines and PAL takes delivery of the country’s first Boeing 777.In March 2010, four times a week service to Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, marks the return of PAL to the Middle East after a four-year absence.
In August 2012 PAL signs a firm order for 54 Airbus jets worth over US$7 billion,the biggest aircraft deal in Philippine aviation history. A month later, PAL orders 10 more Airbus aircraft.
In November 2012, PAL re-establishes direct links to the North American East Coast after 15 years with the launch of its first-ever non-stop flights to Toronto, Canada using the Boeing 777-300ER. In April 26, 2013 PAL announces plans to open 11 new routes in 2013 under an ambitious network expansion program to complement its fleet modernization thrust. The new points are Basco, Kuala Lumpur, Darwin, Brisbane, Perth, Guangzhou, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Riyadh, Dammam and Jeddah. In May 2, 2013, PAL resumes service to Kuala Lumpur after a seven-year absence. Airbus A319 aircraft is deployed on the route four times weekly.
In July 9, 2013 PAL iN AiR, the airline’s novel in-flight mobile phone and wi-fi internet service, is launched on a Boeing 777-300ER flight between Manila and Vancouver. In August 7, 2013, PAL’s first Airbus A321-200, first of 64 Airbus aircraft ordered 12 months earlier, arrives from Germany. This kicks off the airline’s comprehensive fleet renewal program, with deliveries scheduled over the next six years. PAL returns to the Middle East after two and a half years with a five-times-weekly service to Abu Dhabi, capital of the United Arab Emirates. A month later, on November 6, 2013, PAL Express launches its first long-range route, a five-times-weekly service to Dubai, the UAE’s commercial capital. Both services utilize brand-new Airbus A330-300 High Gross Weight aircraft.
In November 4, 2013 PAL returns to Europe after 15 years with a five-times-weekly, non-stop service to London Heathrow Airport. The new service comes just four months after the European Union took PAL off the blacklist that prevented Philippine carriers from operating to the continent. All other local airlines remain on the list. In March 30, 2014, PAL starts a double-daily service to Haneda Airport in downtown Tokyo, its fifth gateway in Japan, after Tokyo Narita, Osaka, Fukuoka and Nagoya. Following the Philippines’ upgrade to Category 1 rating by the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration on April 10, PAL begins deploying its new Boeing 777-300 ER fleet on trans-Pacific routes to the U.S. West Coast while its longtime flagship, the Boeing 747-400, is gradually phased out. The B777-300 ER is first flown to Los Angeles on May 3 and to San Francisco on May 9, 2014.
May 12, 2014, the Boeing 747, which served as PAL’s flagship for 35 years, was formally retired in a ceremony at Villamor Air Base in Pasay City. The airline’s four B747-400s would be gradually withdrawn from service over the next four months. The last PAL commercial flight of the iconic “jumbo jet” took place in the late evening of August 29, 2014, when PR 105 took off from San Francisco International Airport, with 285 passengers on board, bound for Manila.
In July 9, 2014 PAL and Etihad Airways,launch a wide-ranging strategic partnership that covers code-share flights, loyalty programs, airport lounge access, joint sales and marketing programs, a Philippine domestic air pass, cargo, and the coordination of airport operations in Manila and Abu Dhabi. As well, PAL and All Nippon Airways, forge a commercial partnership covering code-share flights between the Philippines and Japan, loyalty programs. PAL expands its footprint in Japan with the opening of new routes between Cebu and two central Japanese cities. The flag carrier launches a four-times-weekly Airbus A321 service to Osaka on December 19 and a three-times-weekly A321 service to Nagoya on December 20.
In March 15, 2015, on its 74th anniversary, PAL returns to New York after 18 years with a four-times-weekly service from Manila to John F. Kennedy International Airport via Vancouver. Airbus A340-300 aircraft are deployed on the route, the longest in PAL’s network at 14,501 kilometers.
In May 4, 2015 PAL continues its financial turnaround with a total comprehensive income of $85 million for the first quarter (January to March) of 2015. It reverses a $20.7 million loss incurred in the same period of 2014. The profit is attributed to the increase in passenger traffic following the opening of several domestic and international destinations, as well as aggressive sales campaigns that resulted in improved yields.